Mineral springs

On the territory of Kyustendil there are hot water springs that in the combination with the rehabilitation centers are used for tourist purposes. The availability of geothermal waters close to the cultural monuments and in the zones with concentrated cultural and historic heritage is a potential for developing balneological, spa and cultural tourism. A major structure-determining factor in the development of Kyustendil through the centuries have been the hot mineral water springs, whose remedial properties have contributed to the popularity of the town through the years and nowadays. Today, in the sanatoriums in the town there are specialized units for treating artrorheumatic diseases, gynecological disorders including sterility in women, neurological and dermatological diseases, etc. The curing mineral water together with the good climatic conditions, the beautiful nature and the rich cultural traditions create excellent prerequisites for turning Kyustendil into a balneological and spa center.

Characteristic PDF Print E-mail

The mineral water is almost stable concerning its chemical content and temperature. It is pure, colourless with pleasing taste and smell of hydrogen sulphide. The water is low concentrated with minerals.
As outlined in the document issued by the Bulgarian Ministry of Health on March 8th, 1994, which gives the city of Kyustendil a status of a spa-resort of national importance, the local mineral water has the following characteristics:
high capacity of 33 l/sec, it is hyperthermal +73°C, hydrocarbonic-sulphate-sodium, silicon, sulphide-sulphuretted hydrogenic, alkaline pH 9.15. This makes it extremely effective for a very wide range of health problems.

Kyustendil is specialized in the treatment of the following disorders:
Gynecological diseases: chronic inflammatory diseases of the genitals, ovarial insufficiency, various types of sterility;
Disorders of the male genitals: chronic prostatit, vesiculitis, epydidimitis, pathospermia, male sterility;
Disorders of the locomotory system: chronic arthro-rheumatic diseases (arthritis rheumatoides, ankyloidic spondyloarthritis), degenerative deseases of the joints (spondyloarthritis, goarthrosis, coxarthrosis);
Tranmato-orthopaedic diseases: traumatic disorders of bones, joints, muscles, tendons, post-trauma conditions - distorsions, luxations, fractures, post-operative conditions, etc.
Neurologic diseases: neuralgia, neuritis, radiculitis, plexitis, discopathy, discal hernia;
Occupational diseases: myalgia, myositis, tendovaginitis, tendomyasis, vibrational disease, etc.
Dermatologicai diseases: eczema chronica, dermatitis, psoriasis vulgaris and others;

Internally – Ihronic intoxications with heavy metals, radionucleids and others;
Inhalations – Pulmonary diseases:  tracheitis chronica, tracheobronchitis.

Water chemical content: Barov

Historical overview PDF Print E-mail


Kyustedil was called Pautalia in ancient times and Velbuzhd in the Middle Ages. The area has been inhabited for seven thousand years and has been a town for two thousand years now. It has existed and survived through the centuries. It has been destroyed but has resurrected from the ashes and the ruins to become glorious and magnificent once again. In the antiquity Kyustendil was an administrative centre of a Roman province, in the Middle Ages - a centre of despotism, while in the Ottoman period - a centre of one the biggest sandzhaks within the Ottoman Empire.
Curative mineral water springs, favourable climate, fertile land, rich ore mines, a crossroads of major transport routes, nature shaped by the hand of the Holy artist- all of these characterize Kyustendil as the „eternal town”. In the past Kyustendil was known as the Emperors’ town, the town of Konstantine the Despot, the town of the hamams (Turkish Baths), „which brought all sorts of benefits to the body”, the town of Ilyo and Rumena Voivoda. Today it is known as the town of artists, the town at the foot of the Hissarluka Hill, the Orchard garden of Bulgaria, „the green town” or „the place touched by Gods”.
Because of the favourable conditions that Pautalia offered, i.e. the curative mineral water springs and mild climate people worshipped Asclepius (Roman God of Medicine). In honour of this God, a sanctuary called Asclepion was built, which was second in size after the Epidaurus sanctuary- the biggest one within the Roman Empire.
The archeological excavations recovered not only ancient therms from II-III century, which are restored and exhibited in the town centre, but also the late ancient and medieval fortress in Hissarluka. Other finds include remnants from a city-wall, temples, public buildings decorated with rich mosaics, neighbourhoods, streets with well-preserved pavement, etc.